# Source code for networkx.algorithms.assortativity.connectivity

```
from collections import defaultdict
__all__ = ["average_degree_connectivity", "k_nearest_neighbors"]
[docs]def average_degree_connectivity(
G, source="in+out", target="in+out", nodes=None, weight=None
):
r"""Compute the average degree connectivity of graph.
The average degree connectivity is the average nearest neighbor degree of
nodes with degree k. For weighted graphs, an analogous measure can
be computed using the weighted average neighbors degree defined in
[1]_, for a node `i`, as
.. math::
k_{nn,i}^{w} = \frac{1}{s_i} \sum_{j \in N(i)} w_{ij} k_j
where `s_i` is the weighted degree of node `i`,
`w_{ij}` is the weight of the edge that links `i` and `j`,
and `N(i)` are the neighbors of node `i`.
Parameters
----------
G : NetworkX graph
source : "in"|"out"|"in+out" (default:"in+out")
Directed graphs only. Use "in"- or "out"-degree for source node.
target : "in"|"out"|"in+out" (default:"in+out"
Directed graphs only. Use "in"- or "out"-degree for target node.
nodes : list or iterable (optional)
Compute neighbor connectivity for these nodes. The default is all
nodes.
weight : string or None, optional (default=None)
The edge attribute that holds the numerical value used as a weight.
If None, then each edge has weight 1.
Returns
-------
d : dict
A dictionary keyed by degree k with the value of average connectivity.
Raises
------
ValueError
If either `source` or `target` are not one of 'in',
'out', or 'in+out'.
Examples
--------
>>> G = nx.path_graph(4)
>>> G.edges[1, 2]["weight"] = 3
>>> nx.k_nearest_neighbors(G)
{1: 2.0, 2: 1.5}
>>> nx.k_nearest_neighbors(G, weight="weight")
{1: 2.0, 2: 1.75}
See also
--------
neighbors_average_degree
Notes
-----
This algorithm is sometimes called "k nearest neighbors" and is also
available as `k_nearest_neighbors`.
References
----------
.. [1] A. Barrat, M. Barthélemy, R. Pastor-Satorras, and A. Vespignani,
"The architecture of complex weighted networks".
PNAS 101 (11): 3747–3752 (2004).
"""
# First, determine the type of neighbors and the type of degree to use.
if G.is_directed():
if source not in ("in", "out", "in+out"):
raise ValueError('source must be one of "in", "out", or "in+out"')
if target not in ("in", "out", "in+out"):
raise ValueError('target must be one of "in", "out", or "in+out"')
direction = {"out": G.out_degree, "in": G.in_degree, "in+out": G.degree}
neighbor_funcs = {
"out": G.successors,
"in": G.predecessors,
"in+out": G.neighbors,
}
source_degree = direction[source]
target_degree = direction[target]
neighbors = neighbor_funcs[source]
# `reverse` indicates whether to look at the in-edge when
# computing the weight of an edge.
reverse = source == "in"
else:
source_degree = G.degree
target_degree = G.degree
neighbors = G.neighbors
reverse = False
dsum = defaultdict(int)
dnorm = defaultdict(int)
# Check if `source_nodes` is actually a single node in the graph.
source_nodes = source_degree(nodes)
if nodes in G:
source_nodes = [(nodes, source_degree(nodes))]
for n, k in source_nodes:
nbrdeg = target_degree(neighbors(n))
if weight is None:
s = sum(d for n, d in nbrdeg)
else: # weight nbr degree by weight of (n,nbr) edge
if reverse:
s = sum(G[nbr][n].get(weight, 1) * d for nbr, d in nbrdeg)
else:
s = sum(G[n][nbr].get(weight, 1) * d for nbr, d in nbrdeg)
dnorm[k] += source_degree(n, weight=weight)
dsum[k] += s
# normalize
dc = {}
for k, avg in dsum.items():
dc[k] = avg
norm = dnorm[k]
if avg > 0 and norm > 0:
dc[k] /= norm
return dc
k_nearest_neighbors = average_degree_connectivity
```