overlap_weighted_projected_graph(B, nodes, jaccard=True)[source]

Overlap weighted projection of B onto one of its node sets.

The overlap weighted projection is the projection of the bipartite network B onto the specified nodes with weights representing the Jaccard index between the neighborhoods of the two nodes in the original bipartite network 1:

\[w_{v, u} = \frac{|N(u) \cap N(v)|}{|N(u) \cup N(v)|}\]

or if the parameter ‘jaccard’ is False, the fraction of common neighbors by minimum of both nodes degree in the original bipartite graph 1:

\[w_{v, u} = \frac{|N(u) \cap N(v)|}{min(|N(u)|, |N(v)|)}\]

The nodes retain their attributes and are connected in the resulting graph if have an edge to a common node in the original bipartite graph.

  • B (NetworkX graph) – The input graph should be bipartite.

  • nodes (list or iterable) – Nodes to project onto (the “bottom” nodes).

  • jaccard (Bool (default=True))


Graph – A graph that is the projection onto the given nodes.

Return type

NetworkX graph


>>> from networkx.algorithms import bipartite
>>> B = nx.path_graph(5)
>>> nodes = [0, 2, 4]
>>> G = bipartite.overlap_weighted_projected_graph(B, nodes)
>>> list(G)
[0, 2, 4]
>>> list(G.edges(data=True))
[(0, 2, {'weight': 0.5}), (2, 4, {'weight': 0.5})]
>>> G = bipartite.overlap_weighted_projected_graph(B, nodes, jaccard=False)
>>> list(G.edges(data=True))
[(0, 2, {'weight': 1.0}), (2, 4, {'weight': 1.0})]


No attempt is made to verify that the input graph B is bipartite. The graph and node properties are (shallow) copied to the projected graph.

See bipartite documentation for further details on how bipartite graphs are handled in NetworkX.



Borgatti, S.P. and Halgin, D. In press. Analyzing Affiliation Networks. In Carrington, P. and Scott, J. (eds) The Sage Handbook of Social Network Analysis. Sage Publications.