Returns the specified power of a graph.
The -th power of a simple graph is the graph whose vertex set is , two distinct vertices are adjacent in if and only if the shortest path distance between and in is at most .
- G (graph) – A NetworkX simple graph object.
- k (positive integer) – The power to which to raise the graph .
to the -th power.
NetworkX simple graph
- exc: – If the exponent is not positive.
NetworkXError– If G is not a simple graph.
>>> G = nx.path_graph(4) >>> nx.power(G,2).edges() [(0, 1), (0, 2), (1, 2), (1, 3), (2, 3)] >>> nx.power(G,3).edges() [(0, 1), (0, 2), (0, 3), (1, 2), (1, 3), (2, 3)]
A complete graph of order n is returned if k is greater than equal to n/2 for a cycle graph of even order n, and if k is greater than equal to (n-1)/2 for a cycle graph of odd order.
>>> G = nx.cycle_graph(5) >>> nx.power(G,2).edges() == nx.complete_graph(5).edges() True >>> G = nx.cycle_graph(8) >>> nx.power(G,4).edges() == nx.complete_graph(8).edges() True
- Bondy, U. S. R. Murty, Graph Theory. Springer, 2008.
Exercise 3.1.6 of Graph Theory by J. A. Bondy and U. S. R. Murty .