minimum_st_edge_cut(G, s, t, flow_func=None, auxiliary=None, residual=None)¶
Returns the edges of the cut-set of a minimum (s, t)-cut.
This function returns the set of edges of minimum cardinality that, if removed, would destroy all paths among source and target in G. Edge weights are not considered
- G (NetworkX graph) – Edges of the graph are expected to have an attribute called ‘capacity’. If this attribute is not present, the edge is considered to have infinite capacity.
- s (node) – Source node for the flow.
- t (node) – Sink node for the flow.
- auxiliary (NetworkX DiGraph) – Auxiliary digraph to compute flow based node connectivity. It has to have a graph attribute called mapping with a dictionary mapping node names in G and in the auxiliary digraph. If provided it will be reused instead of recreated. Default value: None.
- flow_func (function) – A function for computing the maximum flow among a pair of nodes.
The function has to accept at least three parameters: a Digraph,
a source node, and a target node. And return a residual network
that follows NetworkX conventions (see
maximum_flow()for details). If flow_func is None, the default maximum flow function (
edmonds_karp()) is used. See
node_connectivity()for details. The choice of the default function may change from version to version and should not be relied on. Default value: None.
- residual (NetworkX DiGraph) – Residual network to compute maximum flow. If provided it will be reused instead of recreated. Default value: None.
cutset – Set of edges that, if removed from the graph, will disconnect it.
This function is not imported in the base NetworkX namespace, so you have to explicitly import it from the connectivity package:
>>> from networkx.algorithms.connectivity import minimum_st_edge_cut
We use in this example the platonic icosahedral graph, which has edge connectivity 5.
>>> G = nx.icosahedral_graph() >>> len(minimum_st_edge_cut(G, 0, 6)) 5
If you need to compute local edge cuts on several pairs of nodes in the same graph, it is recommended that you reuse the data structures that NetworkX uses in the computation: the auxiliary digraph for edge connectivity, and the residual network for the underlying maximum flow computation.
Example of how to compute local edge cuts among all pairs of nodes of the platonic icosahedral graph reusing the data structures.
>>> import itertools >>> # You also have to explicitly import the function for >>> # building the auxiliary digraph from the connectivity package >>> from networkx.algorithms.connectivity import ( ... build_auxiliary_edge_connectivity) >>> H = build_auxiliary_edge_connectivity(G) >>> # And the function for building the residual network from the >>> # flow package >>> from networkx.algorithms.flow import build_residual_network >>> # Note that the auxiliary digraph has an edge attribute named capacity >>> R = build_residual_network(H, 'capacity') >>> result = dict.fromkeys(G, dict()) >>> # Reuse the auxiliary digraph and the residual network by passing them >>> # as parameters >>> for u, v in itertools.combinations(G, 2): ... k = len(minimum_st_edge_cut(G, u, v, auxiliary=H, residual=R)) ... result[u][v] = k >>> all(result[u][v] == 5 for u, v in itertools.combinations(G, 2)) True
You can also use alternative flow algorithms for computing edge cuts. For instance, in dense networks the algorithm
shortest_augmenting_path()will usually perform better than the default
edmonds_karp()which is faster for sparse networks with highly skewed degree distributions. Alternative flow functions have to be explicitly imported from the flow package.
>>> from networkx.algorithms.flow import shortest_augmenting_path >>> len(minimum_st_edge_cut(G, 0, 6, flow_func=shortest_augmenting_path)) 5