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# is_valid_degree_sequence_erdos_gallai¶

is_valid_degree_sequence_erdos_gallai(deg_sequence)[source]

Returns True if deg_sequence can be realized by a simple graph.

The validation is done using the Erdős-Gallai theorem [EG1960].

Parameters: deg_sequence (list) – A list of integers valid – True if deg_sequence is graphical and False if not. bool

Notes

This implementation uses an equivalent form of the Erdős-Gallai criterion. Worst-case run time is: O(n) where n is the length of the sequence.

Specifically, a sequence d is graphical if and only if the sum of the sequence is even and for all strong indices k in the sequence,

$\sum_{i=1}^{k} d_i \leq k(k-1) + \sum_{j=k+1}^{n} \min(d_i,k) = k(n-1) - ( k \sum_{j=0}^{k-1} n_j - \sum_{j=0}^{k-1} j n_j )$

A strong index k is any index where $$d_k \geq k$$ and the value $$n_j$$ is the number of occurrences of j in d. The maximal strong index is called the Durfee index.

This particular rearrangement comes from the proof of Theorem 3 in [2].

The ZZ condition says that for the sequence d if

$|d| >= \frac{(\max(d) + \min(d) + 1)^2}{4*\min(d)}$

then d is graphical. This was shown in Theorem 6 in [2].

References

 [1] A. Tripathi and S. Vijay. “A note on a theorem of Erdős & Gallai”, Discrete Mathematics, 265, pp. 417-420 (2003).
 [2] (1, 2) I.E. Zverovich and V.E. Zverovich. “Contributions to the theory of graphic sequences”, Discrete Mathematics, 105, pp. 292-303 (1992).