Source code for networkx.readwrite.adjlist

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
**************
Adjacency List
**************
Read and write NetworkX graphs as adjacency lists.

Adjacency list format is useful for graphs without data associated
with nodes or edges and for nodes that can be meaningfully represented
as strings.

Format
------
The adjacency list format consists of lines with node labels.  The
first label in a line is the source node.  Further labels in the line
are considered target nodes and are added to the graph along with an edge
between the source node and target node.

The graph with edges a-b, a-c, d-e can be represented as the following
adjacency list (anything following the # in a line is a comment)::

     a b c # source target target
     d e
"""
__author__ = '\n'.join(['Aric Hagberg <hagberg@lanl.gov>',
                        'Dan Schult <dschult@colgate.edu>',
                        'Loïc Séguin-C. <loicseguin@gmail.com>'])
#    Copyright (C) 2004-2019 by
#    Aric Hagberg <hagberg@lanl.gov>
#    Dan Schult <dschult@colgate.edu>
#    Pieter Swart <swart@lanl.gov>
#    All rights reserved.
#    BSD license.

__all__ = ['generate_adjlist',
           'write_adjlist',
           'parse_adjlist',
           'read_adjlist']

from networkx.utils import make_str, open_file
import networkx as nx


[docs]def generate_adjlist(G, delimiter=' '): """Generate a single line of the graph G in adjacency list format. Parameters ---------- G : NetworkX graph delimiter : string, optional Separator for node labels Returns ------- lines : string Lines of data in adjlist format. Examples -------- >>> G = nx.lollipop_graph(4, 3) >>> for line in nx.generate_adjlist(G): ... print(line) 0 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 See Also -------- write_adjlist, read_adjlist """ directed = G.is_directed() seen = set() for s, nbrs in G.adjacency(): line = make_str(s) + delimiter for t, data in nbrs.items(): if not directed and t in seen: continue if G.is_multigraph(): for d in data.values(): line += make_str(t) + delimiter else: line += make_str(t) + delimiter if not directed: seen.add(s) yield line[:-len(delimiter)]
[docs]@open_file(1, mode='wb') def write_adjlist(G, path, comments="#", delimiter=' ', encoding='utf-8'): """Write graph G in single-line adjacency-list format to path. Parameters ---------- G : NetworkX graph path : string or file Filename or file handle for data output. Filenames ending in .gz or .bz2 will be compressed. comments : string, optional Marker for comment lines delimiter : string, optional Separator for node labels encoding : string, optional Text encoding. Examples -------- >>> G=nx.path_graph(4) >>> nx.write_adjlist(G,"test.adjlist") The path can be a filehandle or a string with the name of the file. If a filehandle is provided, it has to be opened in 'wb' mode. >>> fh=open("test.adjlist",'wb') >>> nx.write_adjlist(G, fh) Notes ----- This format does not store graph, node, or edge data. See Also -------- read_adjlist, generate_adjlist """ import sys import time pargs = comments + " ".join(sys.argv) + '\n' header = (pargs + comments + " GMT {}\n".format(time.asctime(time.gmtime())) + comments + " {}\n".format(G.name)) path.write(header.encode(encoding)) for line in generate_adjlist(G, delimiter): line += '\n' path.write(line.encode(encoding))
[docs]def parse_adjlist(lines, comments='#', delimiter=None, create_using=None, nodetype=None): """Parse lines of a graph adjacency list representation. Parameters ---------- lines : list or iterator of strings Input data in adjlist format create_using : NetworkX graph constructor, optional (default=nx.Graph) Graph type to create. If graph instance, then cleared before populated. nodetype : Python type, optional Convert nodes to this type. comments : string, optional Marker for comment lines delimiter : string, optional Separator for node labels. The default is whitespace. Returns ------- G: NetworkX graph The graph corresponding to the lines in adjacency list format. Examples -------- >>> lines = ['1 2 5', ... '2 3 4', ... '3 5', ... '4', ... '5'] >>> G = nx.parse_adjlist(lines, nodetype=int) >>> nodes = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] >>> all(node in G for node in nodes) True >>> edges = [(1, 2), (1, 5), (2, 3), (2, 4), (3, 5)] >>> all((u, v) in G.edges() or (v, u) in G.edges() for (u, v) in edges) True See Also -------- read_adjlist """ G = nx.empty_graph(0, create_using) for line in lines: p = line.find(comments) if p >= 0: line = line[:p] if not len(line): continue vlist = line.strip().split(delimiter) u = vlist.pop(0) # convert types if nodetype is not None: try: u = nodetype(u) except: raise TypeError("Failed to convert node ({}) to type {}" .format(u, nodetype)) G.add_node(u) if nodetype is not None: try: vlist = map(nodetype, vlist) except: raise TypeError("Failed to convert nodes ({}) to type {}" .format(','.join(vlist), nodetype)) G.add_edges_from([(u, v) for v in vlist]) return G
[docs]@open_file(0, mode='rb') def read_adjlist(path, comments="#", delimiter=None, create_using=None, nodetype=None, encoding='utf-8'): """Read graph in adjacency list format from path. Parameters ---------- path : string or file Filename or file handle to read. Filenames ending in .gz or .bz2 will be uncompressed. create_using : NetworkX graph constructor, optional (default=nx.Graph) Graph type to create. If graph instance, then cleared before populated. nodetype : Python type, optional Convert nodes to this type. comments : string, optional Marker for comment lines delimiter : string, optional Separator for node labels. The default is whitespace. Returns ------- G: NetworkX graph The graph corresponding to the lines in adjacency list format. Examples -------- >>> G=nx.path_graph(4) >>> nx.write_adjlist(G, "test.adjlist") >>> G=nx.read_adjlist("test.adjlist") The path can be a filehandle or a string with the name of the file. If a filehandle is provided, it has to be opened in 'rb' mode. >>> fh=open("test.adjlist", 'rb') >>> G=nx.read_adjlist(fh) Filenames ending in .gz or .bz2 will be compressed. >>> nx.write_adjlist(G,"test.adjlist.gz") >>> G=nx.read_adjlist("test.adjlist.gz") The optional nodetype is a function to convert node strings to nodetype. For example >>> G=nx.read_adjlist("test.adjlist", nodetype=int) will attempt to convert all nodes to integer type. Since nodes must be hashable, the function nodetype must return hashable types (e.g. int, float, str, frozenset - or tuples of those, etc.) The optional create_using parameter indicates the type of NetworkX graph created. The default is `nx.Graph`, an undirected graph. To read the data as a directed graph use >>> G=nx.read_adjlist("test.adjlist", create_using=nx.DiGraph) Notes ----- This format does not store graph or node data. See Also -------- write_adjlist """ lines = (line.decode(encoding) for line in path) return parse_adjlist(lines, comments=comments, delimiter=delimiter, create_using=create_using, nodetype=nodetype)
# fixture for pytest def teardown_module(module): import os for fname in ['test.adjlist', 'test.adjlist.gz']: if os.path.isfile(fname): os.unlink(fname)