# networkx.algorithms.structuralholes.local_constraint¶

local_constraint(G, u, v, weight=None)[source]

Returns the local constraint on the node u with respect to the node v in the graph G.

Formally, the local constraint on u with respect to v, denoted $$\ell(v)$$, is defined by

$\ell(u, v) = \left(p_{uv} + \sum_{w \in N(v)} p_{uw} p{wv}\right)^2,$

where $$N(v)$$ is the set of neighbors of $$v$$ and $$p_{uv}$$ is the normalized mutual weight of the (directed or undirected) edges joining $$u$$ and $$v$$, for each vertex $$u$$ and $$v$$ [1]. The mutual weight of $$u$$ and $$v$$ is the sum of the weights of edges joining them (edge weights are assumed to be one if the graph is unweighted).

Parameters: G (NetworkX graph) – The graph containing u and v. This can be either directed or undirected. u (node) – A node in the graph G. v (node) – A node in the graph G. weight (None or string, optional) – If None, all edge weights are considered equal. Otherwise holds the name of the edge attribute used as weight. The constraint of the node v in the graph G. float

References

 [1] Burt, Ronald S. “Structural holes and good ideas”. American Journal of Sociology (110): 349–399.