# networkx.MultiDiGraph.number_of_edges¶

MultiDiGraph.number_of_edges(u=None, v=None)

Returns the number of edges between two nodes.

Parameters: u, v (nodes, optional (Gefault=all edges)) – If u and v are specified, return the number of edges between u and v. Otherwise return the total number of all edges. nedges – The number of edges in the graph. If nodes u and v are specified return the number of edges between those nodes. If the graph is directed, this only returns the number of edges from u to v. int

Examples

For undirected multigraphs, this method counts the total number of edges in the graph:

>>> G = nx.MultiGraph()
>>> G.add_edges_from([(0, 1), (0, 1), (1, 2)])
[0, 1, 0]
>>> G.number_of_edges()
3


If you specify two nodes, this counts the total number of edges joining the two nodes:

>>> G.number_of_edges(0, 1)
2


For directed multigraphs, this method can count the total number of directed edges from u to v:

>>> G = nx.MultiDiGraph()
>>> G.add_edges_from([(0, 1), (0, 1), (1, 0)])
[0, 1, 0]
>>> G.number_of_edges(0, 1)
2
>>> G.number_of_edges(1, 0)
1