networkx.MultiDiGraph.out_edges

property MultiDiGraph.out_edges

An OutMultiEdgeView of the Graph as G.edges or G.edges().

edges(self, nbunch=None, data=False, keys=False, default=None)

The OutMultiEdgeView provides set-like operations on the edge-tuples as well as edge attribute lookup. When called, it also provides an EdgeDataView object which allows control of access to edge attributes (but does not provide set-like operations). Hence, G.edges[u, v]['color'] provides the value of the color attribute for edge (u, v) while for (u, v, c) in G.edges(data='color', default='red'): iterates through all the edges yielding the color attribute with default 'red' if no color attribute exists.

Edges are returned as tuples with optional data and keys in the order (node, neighbor, key, data).

Parameters
  • nbunch (single node, container, or all nodes (default= all nodes)) – The view will only report edges incident to these nodes.

  • data (string or bool, optional (default=False)) – The edge attribute returned in 3-tuple (u, v, ddict[data]). If True, return edge attribute dict in 3-tuple (u, v, ddict). If False, return 2-tuple (u, v).

  • keys (bool, optional (default=False)) – If True, return edge keys with each edge.

  • default (value, optional (default=None)) – Value used for edges that don’t have the requested attribute. Only relevant if data is not True or False.

Returns

edges – A view of edge attributes, usually it iterates over (u, v) (u, v, k) or (u, v, k, d) tuples of edges, but can also be used for attribute lookup as edges[u, v, k]['foo'].

Return type

EdgeView

Notes

Nodes in nbunch that are not in the graph will be (quietly) ignored. For directed graphs this returns the out-edges.

Examples

>>> G = nx.MultiDiGraph()
>>> nx.add_path(G, [0, 1, 2])
>>> key = G.add_edge(2, 3, weight=5)
>>> [e for e in G.edges()]
[(0, 1), (1, 2), (2, 3)]
>>> list(G.edges(data=True)) # default data is {} (empty dict)
[(0, 1, {}), (1, 2, {}), (2, 3, {'weight': 5})]
>>> list(G.edges(data='weight', default=1))
[(0, 1, 1), (1, 2, 1), (2, 3, 5)]
>>> list(G.edges(keys=True)) # default keys are integers
[(0, 1, 0), (1, 2, 0), (2, 3, 0)]
>>> list(G.edges(data=True, keys=True))
[(0, 1, 0, {}), (1, 2, 0, {}), (2, 3, 0, {'weight': 5})]
>>> list(G.edges(data='weight', default=1, keys=True))
[(0, 1, 0, 1), (1, 2, 0, 1), (2, 3, 0, 5)]
>>> list(G.edges([0, 2]))
[(0, 1), (2, 3)]
>>> list(G.edges(0))
[(0, 1)]

See also

in_edges, out_edges