read_edgelist(path, comments='#', delimiter=None, create_using=None, nodetype=None, data=True, edgetype=None, encoding='utf-8')[source]

Read a graph from a list of edges.

  • path (file or string) – File or filename to read. If a file is provided, it must be opened in ‘rb’ mode. Filenames ending in .gz or .bz2 will be uncompressed.

  • comments (string, optional) – The character used to indicate the start of a comment.

  • delimiter (string, optional) – The string used to separate values. The default is whitespace.

  • create_using (NetworkX graph constructor, optional (default=nx.Graph)) – Graph type to create. If graph instance, then cleared before populated.

  • nodetype (int, float, str, Python type, optional) – Convert node data from strings to specified type

  • data (bool or list of (label,type) tuples) – Tuples specifying dictionary key names and types for edge data

  • edgetype (int, float, str, Python type, optional OBSOLETE) – Convert edge data from strings to specified type and use as ‘weight’

  • encoding (string, optional) – Specify which encoding to use when reading file.


G – A networkx Graph or other type specified with create_using

Return type



>>> nx.write_edgelist(nx.path_graph(4), "test.edgelist")
>>> G = nx.read_edgelist("test.edgelist")
>>> fh = open("test.edgelist", "rb")
>>> G = nx.read_edgelist(fh)
>>> fh.close()
>>> G = nx.read_edgelist("test.edgelist", nodetype=int)
>>> G = nx.read_edgelist("test.edgelist", create_using=nx.DiGraph)

Edgelist with data in a list:

>>> textline = "1 2 3"
>>> fh = open("test.edgelist", "w")
>>> d = fh.write(textline)
>>> fh.close()
>>> G = nx.read_edgelist("test.edgelist", nodetype=int, data=(("weight", float),))
>>> list(G)
[1, 2]
>>> list(G.edges(data=True))
[(1, 2, {'weight': 3.0})]

See parse_edgelist() for more examples of formatting.


Since nodes must be hashable, the function nodetype must return hashable types (e.g. int, float, str, frozenset - or tuples of those, etc.)