networkx.algorithms.simple_paths.shortest_simple_paths¶

shortest_simple_paths
(G, source, target, weight=None)[source]¶  Generate all simple paths in the graph G from source to target,
starting from shortest ones.
A simple path is a path with no repeated nodes.
If a weighted shortest path search is to be used, no negative weights are allowed.
 Parameters
G (NetworkX graph)
source (node) – Starting node for path
target (node) – Ending node for path
weight (string) – Name of the edge attribute to be used as a weight. If None all edges are considered to have unit weight. Default value None.
 Returns
path_generator – A generator that produces lists of simple paths, in order from shortest to longest.
 Return type
generator
 Raises
NetworkXNoPath – If no path exists between source and target.
NetworkXError – If source or target nodes are not in the input graph.
NetworkXNotImplemented – If the input graph is a Multi[Di]Graph.
Examples
>>> G = nx.cycle_graph(7) >>> paths = list(nx.shortest_simple_paths(G, 0, 3)) >>> print(paths) [[0, 1, 2, 3], [0, 6, 5, 4, 3]]
You can use this function to efficiently compute the k shortest/best paths between two nodes.
>>> from itertools import islice >>> def k_shortest_paths(G, source, target, k, weight=None): ... return list(islice(nx.shortest_simple_paths(G, source, target, weight=weight), k)) >>> for path in k_shortest_paths(G, 0, 3, 2): ... print(path) [0, 1, 2, 3] [0, 6, 5, 4, 3]
Notes
This procedure is based on algorithm by Jin Y. Yen 1. Finding the first \(K\) paths requires \(O(KN^3)\) operations.
See also
all_shortest_paths()
,shortest_path()
,all_simple_paths()
References
 1
Jin Y. Yen, “Finding the K Shortest Loopless Paths in a Network”, Management Science, Vol. 17, No. 11, Theory Series (Jul., 1971), pp. 712716.